Employment Relations

Arbeitsbeziehungen, Arbeitspolitik und Human Resource Management

“Across age groups, views of unions are most positive among young adults”

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Interesting results from a survey conducted in the U.S. in March 2015: The views  of unions are more positive among young adults.

“55% of those ages 18-29 view unions favorably, while just 29% view them unfavorably. Among older adults, favorability ratings of unions are mixed with about as many holding favorable as unfavorable views.” (Source: http://www.people-press.org/2015/04/27/mixed-views-of-impact-of-long-term-decline-in-union-membership)

The age effect is even observable if one controls for the political orientation. (Unfortunately the survey uses different age categories in the next two tables.)

 

See also the article here.

Written by Werner

04/05/2015 at 16:56

Posted in English, Gewerkschaften

One of the worst forms of exploitation: Forced child labour

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pepbonet“As part of the Modern-Day Forms of Slavery group project, a photojournalistic investigation by NOOR, Pep Bonet focuses on the issue of child labour and exploitation in Bangladesh where there are nearly 5 million children between the age of 5 – 15 working in hazardous conditions in factories, garages and homes, in railway stations and markets, in small foundries — many for little or no pay at all. Many boys and girls who work do not have access to education and become trapped in low-skilled, low-pay work that further binds them into the cycle of poverty.” (Source: http://pepbonet.com/2013/08/portfolio/child-labour-and-exploitation-in-bangladesh/)

Written by Werner

04/05/2015 at 12:05

Dr. Şafak Tartanoğlu, Uludag University, Turkey: “The Prospects of Gendered Insecurity: Home-Based Garment Work as a Form of Precarious Employment in Turkey“

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Dr.  Şafak Tartanoğlu, Uludag University, Turkey, visited the research group of Werner Nienhüser (University of Duisburg-Essen). She gave a great presentation on “The Prospects of Gendered Insecurity: Home-Based Garment Work as a Form of Precarious Employment in Turkey“. The presentation delivered an excellent overview on current research, identified several research gaps and made suggestions how to close these gaps.

Written by Werner

04/05/2015 at 11:00

Kann man die Staatsbürgerschaft und das Aufenthaltsrecht in einem Staat kaufen?

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Ja, kann man. Malta verkauft die Staatsbürgerschaft für 1,15 Mio. Euro – so “DIE ZEIT” (vom 29.4.2015, S. 28). Neu ist das nicht:

“Malta steht nicht allein. Auch Zypern verkauft seine Staatsbürgerschaft für drei Millionen Euro. Billiger ist es in Bulgarien: Wer 500.000 Euro investiert, kann ohne Sprachkenntnisse eingebürgert werden. Großbritannien vergibt gegen eine Investition von einer Million Pfund zunächst ein Visum, nach fünf Jahren unbegrenztes Aufenthaltsrecht und nach sechs Jahren den Pass. Auch Österreich verkauft EU-Pässe gegen Millionen-Investitionen…” (Die Welt, Online-Ausgabe vom 22.8.2014]])

Siehe dazu auch das Video von Michael Sandel.

“Schritte zählen per App: Wertvoll für Arbeitgeber” Panorama vom 23.4.2015

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fitnesstrackerNur Schritte zählen? Meldung meines Gesundheits- und Fitnesszustandes direkt an meine Krankenversicherung und meinen Arbeitgeber? Ist doch gut für mich. Ich bekomme einen Bonus, wenn ich fit bin. Gute Sache? Harald Welzer hält Fitness-Tracker und ähnliche Apps für die radikalste negative Veränderung seit dem Zweiten Weltkrieg.

“Ein optimiertes Leben – es kann besser und gesünder sein. Doch wenn über Gesundheitsapps und Fitness-Tracker das Verhalten der Menschen kontrolliert und gesteuert wird, profitieren vor allem nicht die Benutzer, sondern andere: Versicherungen und Arbeitgeber.” (Quelle: Panorama, https://daserste.ndr.de/panorama/archiv/2015/Schritte-zaehlen-per-App-Wertvolle-Daten-fuer-Arbeitgeber-,gesundheitsapp102.html)

Anschauen in der Mediathek

Written by Werner

26/04/2015 at 19:04

“Michael Sandel: The more things money can buy, the harder it is to be poor – video “

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Here is a second and longer video (on youtube you will find severals others):

Here’s one in German:

Written by Werner

25/04/2015 at 14:14

“Images of organizations in various discursive fields: A correspondence analysis of metaphors in company reports”

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Interesting paper by Martin Wolfslast (in German): Images of organizations in various discursive fields: A correspondence analysis of metaphors in company reports (PDF here).
“Abstract: This paper examines how companies endeavor to create legitimizing images of themselves and their practices by making use of metaphoric language. The analysis is based on the 2012 annual reports and sustainability reports of two major german energy companies and is conducted in two steps: A systematic metaphor analysis identifies 21 metaphorical concepts, which are further condensed to five meta concepts on the basis of the created company images: progress metaphor, control metaphor, harmony metaphor, conflict metaphor and euphemistic metaphor. In a following step, a correspondence analysis of the meta concepts used and the variety of topics addressed in the company reports (e.g. economic or social topics) identifies a variance of the concepts according to the thematic context. Most of the meta concepts are used more frequently with in the context of a specific discursive field.”

Source: Wolfslast, M. 2015: Images of organizations in various discursive fields: A correspondence analysis of metaphors in company reports, Berlin; source of the picture: Kazimir Malevich [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Written by Werner

24/04/2015 at 13:19

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