Employment Relations

Arbeitsbeziehungen, Arbeitspolitik und Human Resource Management

Organize!

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Machtheoretiker würden sagen: Ressourcenzusammenlegung verändert die Macht- und Austauschrelation. Muss man nicht so ausdrücken. Wichtig ist: Die kleinen Fische müssen auch beißen wollen und können, und zwar im Grundsatz jeder. organize

Das Bild kannte ich so nicht. Ein ähnliches Bild verwendet die Gewerkschaft “Industrial Workers of the World” (http://www.iww.org/content/organize-big-fish); Swimmy war vermutlich die Vorlage. (Lang ist’s her. Da habe ich meinen Kindern daraus vorgelesen – aus “Swimmy” meine ich, nicht aus den Texten der Gewerkschaft.)

Written by Werner

29/05/2015 at 18:15

Posted in Macht

“Kalle Lasn discusses the creative destruction of neoclassical economics on CBC’s Lang & O’Leary Exchange”

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Written by Werner

22/05/2015 at 17:31

Do you believe in inequality?

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Originally posted on occasional links & commentary:

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We know (e.g., as a result of the 2013 Pew Research Center survey) that most people in the world believe that current economic arrangements favor the well-off and that economic inequality is a very big problem.*

And they’re right: the economy system in most countries is fundamentally unfair (favoring those at the top over everyone else) and that, as a result, the gap (between those at the top and everyone else) is a problem that needs to be solved—if not within the current economy system, then in a different one.

But we also know, since at least the pioneering study by Dan Ariely and Michael I. Norton, that people’s beliefs about inequality are quite different from actual levels of inequality. That notion is confirmed by a new study, by Vladimir Gimpelson and Daniel Treisman, “Misperceiving Inequality.” What they show is that, on a wide variety of measures (of…

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Written by Werner

21/05/2015 at 13:55

Posted in Arbeit

Bertold Brecht(1898-1956): Top Ten Conflict Tips

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Originally posted on Creativeconflictwisdom's Blog:

Having recently used one of his quotes I found interesting, time for one of your Top Ten Conflict Tips from one of the 20th Century’s most conflicted thinkers: Bertold Brecht.

  1. Because things are the way they are, things will not stay the way they are.
  2. The law was made for one thing alone, for the exploitation of those who don’t understand it, or are prevented by naked misery from obeying it.
  3. What is the robbing of a bank compared to the founding of a bank?
  4. To live means to finesse the processes to which one is subjugated.
  5. What they could do with ’round here is a good war. What else can you expect with peace running wild all over the place? You know what the trouble with peace is? No organization.
  6. The finest plans have always been spoiled by the littleness of them that should carry them out. Even emperors…

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Written by Werner

21/05/2015 at 13:54

Posted in Arbeit

Toxic Workplaces – Why Your Workplace Might Be Killing You

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Why Your Workplace Might Be Killing You”  – this title of a short article refers to a paper “The Relationship Between Workplace Stressors and Mortality and Health Costs in the United States” by Joel Goh, Jeffrey Pfeffer, and Stefanos A. Zenios. The authors summarize some of their research results as follows:

“We have seen that employer decisions about work and the workplace are associated with excess deaths and healthcare costs in the U.S.. To put our results in perspective, our model’s estimate of workplace-associated mortality is comparable to the fourth (cerebrovascular diseases) and fifth (accidents) largest cause of death in the U.S. in 2009 …, and exceeds the number of deaths from diabetes, Alzheimer’s, or influenza. Our model also estimates that the workplace-associated healthcare cost is comparable to the estimated cost of diabetes in the U.S. in 2007 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2011), which was $174 billion” (Goh/Pfeffer/Zenios 2015: 25).

The meta-analysis estimates the relative risks of poor health outcomes associated with exposure to ten workplace stressors:

  • Unemployment,
  • lack of health insurance,
  • exposure to shift work,
  • long working hours,
  • job insecurity,
  • work-family conflict,
  • low job control,
  • high job demands,
    low social support at work, and
  • low organizational justice.

“We find that more than 120,000 deaths per year and approximately 5-8% of annual healthcare costs are associated with and may be attributable to how U.S. companies manage their work force. Our results suggest that more attention should be paid to management practices as important contributors to health outcomes and costs in the U.S.” (Goh/Pfeffer/Zenios 2015: 1).

The following picture shows the impact of several workplace stressors, expressed by odds ratios,  compared to the impact of second hand smoke exposere (expressed by odds ratios) (Source). 

That means, for example, the risk (precisely: the “chance”) of a doctor-reported illness is 2.2 times higher for workers without health insurance  compared to workers with health insurance. Workers with low job control face a higher risk of mortality (nearly 1.5 times higher).

Corporations externalize most of these costs. One policy implication is that they should internalize these costs.

The paper has found a lot of attention, see for instance the article in “The Atlantic”.

Written by Werner

18/05/2015 at 09:11

Wiki-Seiten über “personalwirtschaftliche Instrumente”

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Auf den Seiten, die Albert Martin, Professor an der Universität Lüneburg, betreibt, finden sich “Artikel über gängige aber auch über weniger bekannte personalwirtschaftliche Instrumente, die in der Unternehmenspraxis eingesetzt werden oder eingesetzt werden sollten” (http://wwwftp.uni-lueneburg.de/personal_fuehrung/index.php/Hauptseite).

“Die Darstellung der Instrumente orientiert sich an drei Grundgedanken.

I. Es gibt keine idealen Instrumente. Genauer ist damit gemeint, dass es keine “Musterlösung” gibt, die gleichermaßen immer und überall so Anwendung finden sollte. Die Vielfalt der Zwecke, Beteiligten und Situationen macht es notwendig, die Instrumente und deren Einsatz auf die jeweils “vor Ort” gegebenen Bedingungen abzustimmen. Daraus folgt, dass man sich bei der Konzipierung der Instrumente über mögliche Varianten und über die verschiedenen Gestaltungsparameter Klarheit verschaffen sollte (“Es gibt immer Alternativen”).

II. Instrumente sind nur so gut wie ihre (potentiellen) Wirkungen. Praktische Handlungen unternimmt man um ihrer Wirkungen willen. Entsprechend sollte man sich bei der personalwirtschaftlichen Gestaltung Rechenschaft über die beabsichtigten aber insbesondere auch über die tatsächlichen Wirkungen der Gestaltungsalternativen geben. Dabei ist zu beachten, dass diese Wirkungen nur unter bestimmten Bedingungen (“Anwendungsvoraussetzungen”) eintreten werden.

III. Die Aussage “Hauptsache es wirkt” ist töricht. Praktische Handlungen haben nicht nur eine Wirkung. Oft wesentlich bedeutsamer sind Neben- und Folgewirkungen, die man angesichts eines zielorientierten Gestaltungswillens leider oft ignoriert. Ebenso bedeutsam ist die moralisch-ethische Bewertung des Handelns. Jede Darstellung eines personalwirtschaftlichen Instrumentes sollte daher auch eine kritische Darstellung sein. Die Artikel zu den einzelnen personalwirtschaftlichen Instrumenten finden Sie, wenn Sie auf die Seite “Theorie und Gestaltung” gehen.”

(Quellen: http://wwwftp.uni-lueneburg.de/personal_fuehrung/index.php/Hauptseite; das Bild habe hier gefunden, ich bin mir nicht sicher über die Rechte, über Hinweise bin ich dankbar, bei rechtlichen Probleme entferne ich das Bild.)

Written by Werner

09/05/2015 at 13:07

Posted in Personalpolitik

“Cooperatives – idea and practice “

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Interesting contribution on the concept of cooperatives in Germany.

“Cooperative – the simple explanation. The so-called “Genossenschaftsidee” – the idea of cooperatives – will be presented as the first German proposal for the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in March 2015.”

A German version of the video one finds here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5O10T7uRk6U. (Thanks to Walter Vogt, who send me the link.) Here ins an interesting article on cooperatives, in German language.

Written by Werner

07/05/2015 at 18:35

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